Detection of CD44 in Rat Splenocytes by Flow Cytometry.
Rat CD4+ splenocytes were stained with Mouse Anti-Rat CD44 Monocloncal Antibody (Catalog # MAB6577, filled histogram) or isotype control antibody (Catalog # MAB0041, open histogram), followed by Phycoerythrin-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # F0102B).
Preparation and Storage
Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.5 mg/mL.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
CD44 is a ubiquitously expressed protein that is the major receptor for hyaluronan and exerts control over cell growth and migration (1-5). Mouse CD44 has a 22 amino acid (aa) signal sequence, an extracellular domain (ECD) with a 100 aa hyaluronan-binding disulfide-stabilized link region and a 48-463 aa stem region, a 21 aa transmembrane domain, and a 72 aa cytoplasmic domain. Within the stem, ten variably spliced exons (v1-10, exons 6-15) produce multiple protein isoforms (1‑5). The standard or hematopoietic form, CD44H, does not include the variable segments (1‑5). Cancer aggressiveness and T cell activation have been correlated with expression of specific isoforms (2, 4). With variable N- and O-glycosylation and splicing within the stalk, CD44 can range from 80 to 200 kDa (1, 2). Within the N‑terminal invariant portion of the ECD (aa 23-222), mouse CD44 shares 92%, 77%, 77%, 79% and 71% identity with corresponding rat, human, equine, canine and bovine CD44, respectively. The many reported functions of CD44 fall within three categories (1, 2). First, CD44 binds hyaluronan and other ligands within the extracellular matrix and can function as a “platform” for growth factors and metalloproteinases. Second, CD44 is a co-receptor that modifies activity of receptors including MET and the ErbB family of tyrosine kinases. Third, the CD44 intracellular domain links the plasma membrane to the actin cytoskeleton via the ERM proteins, ezrin, radixin and moesin. CD44 can be synthesized in a soluble form (4) or may be cleaved at multiple sites by either membrane-type matrix metalloproteinases, or ADAM proteases to produce soluble ectodomains (6, 7). The cellular portion may then undergo gamma secretase-dependent intramembrane cleavage to form an A beta ‑like transmembrane portion and a cytoplasmic signaling portion that affects gene expression (8, 9). These cleavage events are thought to promote metastasis by enhancing tumor cell motility and growth (1, 2, 6).
Pure, E. and R.K. Assoian (2009) Cell. Signal. 21:651.
Ponta, H. et al. (2003) Nat. Rev. Mol. Cell Biol. 4:33.
Screaton, G.R. et al. (1992) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 89:12160.
Lynch, K.W. (2004) Nat. Rev. Immunol. 4:931.
Yu, Q. and B.P. Toole (1996) J. Biol. Chem. 271:20603.
Nagano, O. and H. Saya (2004) Cancer Sci. 95:930.
Nakamura, H. et al. (2004) Cancer Res. 64:876.
Murakami, D. et al. (2003) Oncogene 22:1511.
Lammich, S. et al. (2002) J. Biol. Chem. 277:44754.
Submit a review and receive a $25US/€18/£15/$25CAN amazon gift card if you include an image - $10US/€7/£6/$10CAN Amazon card for reviews without an image. Limited to verified customers in USA, Canada and Europe.