Canine VEGF164 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
Cell Proliferation Induced by VEGF and Neutralization by Canine VEGF Antibody.
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Product Details
Citations (2)
Supplemental Products

Canine VEGF164 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Detects canine VEGF164 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs and Western blots, approximately 50% cross-reactivity with recombinant human VEGF, recombinant mouse VEGF, and recombinant rat VEGF is observed.
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Antigen Affinity-purified
E. coli-derived recombinant canine VEGF164
Accession # Q9MYV3
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied either lyophilized or as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.


Recommended Concentration
Western Blot
0.1 µg/mL
Recombinant Canine VEGF (Catalog # 1603-CV)
5-15 µg/mL
See below
Measured by its ability to neutralize VEGF-induced proliferation in HUVEC human umbilical vein endothelial cells. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.04-0.10 µg/mL in the presence of 15 ng/mL Recombinant Canine VEGF.

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Scientific Data

Neutralization Cell Proliferation Induced by VEGF and Neutralization by Canine VEGF Antibody. View Larger

Cell Proliferation Induced by VEGF and Neutralization by Canine VEGF Antibody. Recombinant Canine VEGF (Catalog # 1603-CV) stimulates proliferation in HUVEC human umbilical vein endothelial cells in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Canine VEGF (15 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Canine VEGF164Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1603). The ND50 is typically 0.04-0.10 µg/mL.

Immunocytochemistry VEGF antibody in Canine PBMCs by Immunocytochemistry (ICC). View Larger

VEGF in Canine PBMCs. VEGF was detected in immersion fixed canine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) using Goat Anti-Canine VEGF 164 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF1603) at 15 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL001) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cell secretion. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Size / Price
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: VEGF

Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor (VEGF or VEGF-A), also known as Vascular Permeability Factor (VPF), is a potent mediator of both angiogenesis and vasculogenesis in the fetus and adult. It is a member of the PDGF family that is characterized by the presence of eight conserved cysteine residues and a cystine knot structure. VEGF164 appears to be the most abundant and potent isoform, followed by VEGF120 and VEGF188. Canine VEGF164 is an approximately 45 kDa molecular weight homodimer Canine sharing 91%, 90%, and 98% aa sequence identity with the rat, mouse, and feline VEGF, respectively. VEGF binds the type I transmembrane receptor tyrosine kinases VEGF R1 (also called Flt-1) and VEGF R2 (Flk-1/KDR) on endothelial cells. Although VEGF affinity is highest for binding to VEGF R1, VEGF R2 appears to be the primary mediator of VEGF angiogenic activity. Human VEGF165 binds the Semaphorin receptor, Neuropilin-1 and promotes complex formation with VEGF R2. VEGF is required during embryogenesis and functions to regulate the proliferation, migration, and survival of endothelial cells. In adults, VEGF functions mainly in wound healing and the female reproductive cycle. Pathologically, it is involved in tumor angiogenesis and vascular leakage. Circulating VEGF levels correlate with disease activity in autoimmune diseases such as rheumatoid arthritis, multiple sclerosis and systemic lupus erythematosus. VEGF is induced by hypoxia and cytokines such as IL-1, IL-6, IL-8, Oncostatin M (OSM) and TNF-alpha.

Long Name
Vascular Endothelial Growth Factor
Entrez Gene IDs
7422 (Human); 22339 (Mouse); 83785 (Rat); 281572 (Bovine); 403802 (Canine); 493845 (Feline); 30682 (Zebrafish)
Alternate Names
MVCD1; VAS; vascular endothelial growth factor A; Vascular permeability factor; Vasculotropin; VEGF; VEGFA; VEGF-A; VEGFMGC70609; VPF; VPFvascular endothelial growth factor

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Citations for Canine VEGF164 Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

2 Citations: Showing 1 - 2
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  1. Impairment of the Retinal Endothelial Cell Barrier Induced by Long-Term Treatment with VEGF-A165 No Longer Depends on the Growth Factor's Presence
    Authors: HL Deissler, M Rehak, A Wolf
    Biomolecules, 2022;12(5):.
    Species: Bovine
    Sample Types: Cell Culture Supernates
    Applications: Western Blot
  2. Evaluation of a xenogeneic VEGF vaccine in dogs with soft tissue sarcoma.
    Authors: Kamstock D, Elmslie R, Thamm D
    Cancer Immunol. Immunother., 2007;56(8):1299-309.
    Species: Canine
    Sample Types: Whole Tissue
    Applications: IHC-Fr


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Isotype Controls

Reconstitution Buffers

Secondary Antibodies

Goat IgG (H+L) Antibody


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