Detects equine IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 100% cross‑reactivity with recombinant canine IL-1 beta, recombinant feline IL-1 beta, and recombinant human IL-1 beta is observed, 40% cross-reactivity with recombinant porcine IL-1 beta, recombinant mouse IL-1 beta, and recombinant rat IL-1 beta is observed, and 10% cross-reactivity with recombinant cotton rat IL-1 beta and is observed.
Measured by its ability to neutralize IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2-induced proliferation in the D10.G4.1 mouse helper T cell line. Symons, J. A. et al. (1987) in Lymphokines and Interferons, a Practical Approach. Clemens, M. J. et al. (eds): IRL Press. 272. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.05-0.25 µg/mL in the presence of 100 pg/mL Recombinant Equine IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 and 1.25 µg/mL concanavalin A.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application.
are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 and Neutralization by Equine IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Antibody.
Recombinant Equine IL‑1 beta / IL‑1F2 (Catalog # 3340‑EL) stimulates proliferation in the D10.G4.1 mouse helper T cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Equine IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 (100 pg/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti‑Equine IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Antigen Affinity‑purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3340). The ND50 is typically 0.05‑0.25 µg/mL in the presence of concanavalin A (1.25 µg/mL).
IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 in Equine PBMCs.
IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 was detected in immersion fixed equine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) using Goat Anti-Equine IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF3340) at 25 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL007) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: IL-1 beta/IL-1F2
IL-1 is a name that designates two pleiotropic cytokines, IL-1 alpha (IL-1F1) and IL-1 beta (IL-1F2), which are the products of distinct genes. IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are structurally related polypeptides that share approximately 27% amino acid (aa) identity in equine. Both proteins are produced by a wide variety of cells in response to inflammatory agents, infections, or microbial endotoxins. While IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are regulated independently, they bind to the same receptor and exert identical biological effects. IL-1 RI binds directly to IL-1 alpha or IL-1 beta and then associates with IL-1 R accessory protein (IL-1 R3/IL-1 R AcP) to form a high-affinity receptor complex that is competent for signal transduction. IL-1 RII has high affinity for IL-1 beta but functions as a decoy receptor and negative regulator of IL-1 beta activity. IL-1ra functions as a competitive antagonist by preventing IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta from interacting with IL-1 RI (1-4). The equine IL-1 beta cDNA encodes a 268 aa precursor. A 115 aa propeptide is cleaved intracellularly by the cysteine protease IL-1 beta -converting enzyme (Caspase-1/ICE) to generate the active cytokine (5-7). An alternatively spliced form of equine IL-1 beta has a deletion which encompasses the Caspase-1 cleavage site and potentially results in a membrane-associated form (8). The 17 kDa mature equine IL-1 beta shares 65%-75% aa sequence identity with canine, cotton rat, feline, human, mouse, porcine, rat, and rhesus IL-1 beta.
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Kato, H. et al. (1997) Vet. Immunol. Immunopathol. 48:221.
Howard, R.D. et al. (1998) Am. J. Vet. Res. 59:704.
Martinon, F. and J. Tschopp (2007) Cell Death Differ. 14:10.
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