|Wnt‑10b in Human Breast Cancer Tissue. Wnt‑10b was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human breast cancer tissue using Mouse Anti-Human Wnt‑10b Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB71961) at 15 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Before incubation with the primary antibody, tissue was subjected to heat-induced epitope retrieval using Antigen Retrieval Reagent-Basic (Catalog # CTS013). Tissue was stained using the Anti-Mouse HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS002) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm of cancer cells. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.|
Wnt-10b (also known as Wnt-12) is a 42‑44 kDa member of the Wnt family of secreted, highly conserved, cysteine-rich glycoproteins that play important roles in vertebrate pattern formation, cell fate decision, axon guidance, and tumor formation (1‑3). Human Wnt-10b cDNA encodes a 389 amino acid (aa) precursor that contains a 28 aa signal sequence plus a 361 aa mature protein that contains two glycosylation sites, three potential phosphorylation sites, and a potential palmitoylation site (3, 4). Human Wnt-10b shares 97‑99% aa identity with mouse, rat, equine, porcine, and canine Wnt-10b. Wnt-10b plays a critical role in maintaining mesenchymal stem cells and determining whether they differentiate to adipocytes or osteoblasts (5‑7). Mouse Wnt-10b deletion produces age‑dependent loss of bone mass due to defective production of osteoblasts, while transgenic over‑expression increases postnatal osteoblast differentiation and inhibits adipocyte differentiation (5‑7). Ectopic expression of Wnt-10b in an obesity and diabetes‑prone background, such as the ob/ob mouse, inhibits obesity (8). In mouse skeletal muscle, Wnt-10b is expressed inversely with SREBP1c and increases insulin sensitivity (9). In humans, a missense polymorphism is responsible for a malformation of hands and feet, while a C256Y inactivating mutation is associated with severe early-onset obesity (10, 11). Wnt-10b is mainly produced by stem cells and pre-osteoblasts, but also by adult bone marrow CD8+ T lymphocytes stimulated with parathyroid hormone (12). In some hepatocellular carcinomas, Wnt-10b can inhibit cancer cell growth, but in others, it can act synergistically with FGFs to stimulate cell growth (13). Several Wnts, including Wnt-10b, are expressed in both normal and/or malignant colon tissues (14).
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