Proliferation Induced by IL‑4 and Neutralization by Rabbit IL‑4 Antibody. |
Recombinant Rabbit IL‑4 (Catalog # 6939-RB) induces proliferation in the TF‑1 human erythroleukemic cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line), as measured by Rezazurin (Catalog # AR002). Proliferation elicited by IL‑4 (100 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Mouse Anti-Rabbit IL‑4 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB6939). The ND50 is typically 0.25-1.25 μg/mL.
Interleukin-4 (IL-4), also known as B cell-stimulatory factor-1, is a monomeric, approximately 13 kDa ‑ 18 kDa Th2 cytokine that shows pleiotropic effects during immune responses (1‑3). It is a glycosylated polypeptide that contains three intrachain disulfide bridges and adopts a bundled four alpha -helix structure (4). Rabbit IL-4 is synthesized with a 24 aa signal sequence (5). Mature rabbit IL-4 shares 47%, 56%, 39% and 40% aa sequence identity with bovine, human, mouse, and rat IL-4, respectively. Human, mouse, and rat IL-4 are species-specific in their activities (6‑8). IL-4 exerts its effects through two receptor complexes (9, 10). The type I receptor, which is expressed on hematopoietic cells, is a heterodimer of the ligand binding IL-4 R alpha and the common gamma chain (a shared subunit of the receptors for IL-2, -7, -9, -15, and -21). The type II receptor on nonhematopoietic cells consists of IL-4 R alpha and IL-13 R alpha 1. The type II receptor also transduces IL-13 mediated signals. IL-4 is primarily expressed by Th2‑biased CD4+ T cells, mast cells, basophils, and eosinophils (1, 2). It promotes cell proliferation, survival, and immunoglobulin class switch to IgG4 and IgE in human B cells, acquisition of the Th2 phenotype by naïve CD4+ T cells, priming and chemotaxis of mast cells, eosinophils, and basophils, and the proliferation and activation of epithelial cells (11 ‑ 14). IL-4 plays a dominant role in the development of allergic inflammation and asthma (13, 15).
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