Human Granzyme A Antibody

  
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human Granzyme A in direct ELISAs.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human Granzyme A
    Cys26-Val262
    Accession # P12544
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Immunocytochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Immunocytochemistry
Granzyme A in Human PBMCs. Granzyme A was detected in immersion fixed human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) using Goat Anti-Human Granzyme A Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2905) at 15 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (yellow; Catalog # NL001) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Sterile PBS to a final concentration of 0.2 mg/mL.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: Granzyme A

Granzyme A is a member of the granzyme family of the serine proteases found specifically in the cytotoxic granules of cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTL) and natural killer (NK) cells. Granzyme A is the most abundant protease in CTL and NK cells. It induces caspase‑independent cell death when introduced into target cells by perforin (1). Human granzyme A is synthesized as a 262 amino acid (aa) precursor with a signal peptide (aa 1‑26), a propeptide (aa 27‑28) and a mature chain (aa 29‑262) (2). After being activated by lysyl endopeptidase removal of the propeptide, Granzyme A cleaves thioester substrates. Mature human granzyme A shares 71% amino acid sequence identity with mouse granzyme A.

  • References:
    1. Lieberman, J. and Z. Fan (2003) Curr. Opin. Immunol. 15:553.
    2. Gershenfeld, H.K. et al. (1988) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 85:1184.
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    3001 (Human); 14938 (Mouse); 266708 (Rat)
  • Alternate Names:
    CTL Tryptase; CTLA3; CTLA3Granzyme A (Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated serine esterase-3; Hanukah factorserine protease); Cytotoxic T-lymphocyte proteinase 1; EC 3.4.21; Fragmentin-1; granzyme A (granzyme 1, cytotoxic T-lymphocyte-associated serine esterase 3); Granzyme A; Granzyme-1; GZMA; H factor; Hanukkah factor; HF; HFSP; HFSPEC 3.4.21.78
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