Human PD-L1 Antibody

Catalog # Availability Size / Price Qty
AF156
AF156-SP
Detection of Human PD-L1/B7-H1 by Western Blot.
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Product Details
Citations (8)
FAQs
Supplemental Products
Reviews (3)

Human PD-L1 Antibody Summary

Species Reactivity
Human
Specificity
Detects human PD-L1/B7-H1 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, less than 15% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse PD-L1/B7-H1 is observed and less than 1% cross‑reactivity with recombinant human PD-L2 is observed.
Source
Polyclonal Goat IgG
Purification
Antigen Affinity-purified
Immunogen
Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human PD-L1/B7-H1
Phe19-Thr239
Accession # Q9NZQ7
Formulation
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
Endotoxin Level
<0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
Label
Unconjugated

Applications

Recommended Concentration
Sample
Western Blot
2 µg/mL
See below
Immunohistochemistry
5-15 µg/mL
See below
Blockade of Receptor-ligand Interaction
In a functional ELISA, 1-5 µg/mL of this antibody will block 50% of the binding of 100 ng/mL of biotinylated Recombinant Human PD-L1/B7-H1 to immobilized Recombinant Mouse PD-1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 1021-PD) coated at 1 µg/mL (100 µL/well). At 50 µg/mL, this antibody will block >90% of the binding.
 

Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.

Data Examples

Western Blot Detection of Human PD-L1/B7-H1 by Western Blot. View Larger

Detection of Human PD-L1/B7-H1 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of human placenta tissue. PVDF membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human
PD-L1/B7-H1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF156) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF017). A specific band was detected for PD-L1/B7-H1 at approximately 50-55 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.

Immunohistochemistry PD-L1/B7-H1  in Human Colon and Colon Cancer Tissue. View Larger

PD-L1/B7-H1 in Human Colon and Colon Cancer Tissue.
PD-L1/B7-H1 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of normal human colon (left panel) and human colon cancer tissue (right panel) using Goat Anti-Human PD-L1/B7-H1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF156) at 5 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to cell membranes and cytoplasm. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.

Reconstitution Calculator

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

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Preparation and Storage

Reconstitution
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
Reconstitution Buffer Available
Reconstitution Buffer 1 (PBS)
Catalog #
Availability
Size / Price
Qty
RB01
Shipping
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
  • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
  • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
  • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.

Background: PD-L1/B7-H1

Human B7 homolog 1 (B7-H1), also called programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PDCD1L1) and programmed death ligand 1 (PDL1), is a member of the growing B7 family of immune proteins that provide signals for both stimulating and inhibiting T cell activation. Other family members include B7-1, B7-2, B7-H2, PDL2 and B7-H3. B7 proteins are members of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily, their extracellular domains contain 2 Ig-like domains and all members have short cytoplasmic domains. Among the family members, they share about 20-25% amino acid identity. Human and mouse B7-H1 share approximately 70% amino acid sequence identity. B7-H1 has been identified as one of two ligands for programmed death-1 (PD-1), a member of the CD28 family of immunoreceptors. The B7-H1 gene encodes a 290 amino acid (aa) type I membrane precursor protein with a putative 18 aa signal peptide, a 221 aa extracellular domain, a 21 aa transmembrane region, and a 31 aa cytoplasmic domain. Human B7-H1 is constitutively expressed in several organs such as heart, skeletal muscle, placenta and lung, and in lower amounts in thymus, spleen, kidney and liver. B7-H1 expression is upregulated in a small fraction of activated T and B cells and a much larger fraction of activated monocytes. B7-H1 expression is also induced in dendritic cells and keratinocytes after IFN-gamma stimulation. Interaction of B7-H1 with PD-1 results in inhibition of TCR-mediated proliferation and cytokine production. The B7-H1:PD-1 pathway is involved in the negative regulation of some immune responses and may play an important role in the regulation of peripheral tolerance.

References
  1. Nishimura, H. and T. Honjo (2001) Trends in Immunology 22:265.
  2. Freeman, G.J. et al. (2000) J. Exp. Med. 192:1027.
  3. Latchman, Y. et al. (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:261.
Long Name
Programmed Death Ligand 1
Entrez Gene IDs
29126 (Human); 60533 (Mouse); 499342 (Rat); 484186 (Canine); 102145573 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
Alternate Names
B7-H; B7H1; B7-H1; B7H1PDCD1L1; CD274 antigenMGC142294; CD274 molecule; CD274; PDCD1L1; PDCD1LG1; PDCD1LG1MGC142296; PDL1; PD-L1; PD-L1B7 homolog 1; PDL1PDCD1 ligand 1; programmed cell death 1 ligand 1; Programmed death ligand 1

Product Datasheets

Citations for Human PD-L1 Antibody

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

8 Citations: Showing 1 - 8
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  1. Restoration of T Cell function in multi-drug resistant bacterial sepsis after interleukin-7, anti-PD-L1, and OX-40 administration
    Authors: LK Thampy, KE Remy, AH Walton, Z Hong, K Liu, R Liu, V Yi, CD Burnham, RS Hotchkiss
    PLoS ONE, 2018;13(6):e0199497.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Inhibition
  2. Immunological Properties of Human Embryonic Stem Cell-Derived Retinal Pigment Epithelial Cells
    Authors: M Idelson, R Alper, A Obolensky, N Yachimovic, J Rachmilewi, A Ejzenberg, E Beider, E Banin, B Reubinoff
    Stem Cell Reports, 2018;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Neutralization
  3. Blocking the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway in glioma: a potential new treatment strategy
    Authors: S Xue, M Hu, V Iyer, J Yu
    J Hematol Oncol, 2017;10(1):81.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Tissue Homogenates
    Applications: Western Blot
  4. Hepatitis C Virus Induces MDSCs-Like Monocytes through TLR2/PI3K/AKT/STAT3 Signaling
    Authors: N Zhai, H Li, H Song, Y Yang, A Cui, T Li, J Niu, IN Crispe, L Su, Z Tu
    PLoS ONE, 2017;12(1):e0170516.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Bioassay
  5. Mesenchymal Stromal Cell Secretion of Programmed Death-1 Ligands Regulates T Cell Mediated Immunosuppression
    Stem Cells, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Immunoprecipitation
  6. Soluble co-signaling molecules predict long-term graft outcome in kidney-transplanted patients.
    Authors: Melendreras S, Martinez-Camblor P, Menendez A, Bravo-Mendoza C, Gonzalez-Vidal A, Coto E, Diaz-Corte C, Ruiz-Ortega M, Lopez-Larrea C, Suarez-Alvarez B
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(12):e113396.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
    Applications: ELISA Development
  7. 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate induces the expression of B7-DC, -H1, -H2, and -H3 in K562 cells.
    Authors: Jang BC, Park YK, Choi IH, Kim SP, Hwang JB, Baek WK, Suh MH, Mun KC, Suh SI
    Int. J. Oncol., 2007;31(6):1439-47.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Whole Cells
    Applications: Flow Cytometry
  8. Aberrant regulation of synovial T cell activation by soluble costimulatory molecules in rheumatoid arthritis.
    Authors: Wan B, Nie H, Liu A, Feng G, He D, Xu R, Zhang Q, Dong C, Zhang JZ
    J. Immunol., 2006;177(12):8844-50.
    Species: Human
    Sample Types: Serum
    Applications: ELISA Development

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Reviews for Human PD-L1 Antibody

Average Rating: 4.7 (Based on 3 Reviews)

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Human PD-L1 Antibody
By Anonymous on 03/13/2019
Application: WB Sample Tested: MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell line Species: Human

Human PD-L1 Antibody
By Anonymous on 10/17/2018
Application: WB Sample Tested: MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell line,A549 human lung carcinoma cell line Species: Human

Human PD-L1/B7-H1 Antibody
By Anonymous on 05/10/2018
Application: WB Sample Tested: MDA-MB-231 human breast cancer cell line Species: Human