Human PD-L1/B7-H1 Antibody

(6 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human PD-L1/B7-H1 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, less than 15% cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse PD-L1/B7-H1 is observed and less than 1% cross‑reactivity with recombinant human PD-L2 is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    Mouse myeloma cell line NS0-derived recombinant human PD-L1/B7-H1
    Phe19-Thr239
    Accession # Q9NZQ7
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    2 µg/mL
    See below
  • Immunohistochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
  • Blockade of Receptor-ligand Interaction
    In a functional ELISA, 1-5 µg/mL of this antibody will block 50% of the binding of 100 ng/mL of biotinylated Recombinant Human PD-L1/B7-H1 to immobilized Recombinant Mouse PD-1 Fc Chimera (Catalog # 1021-PD) coated at 1 µg/mL (100 µL/well). At 50 µg/mL, this antibody will block >90% of the binding.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of Human PD-L1/B7-H1 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of human placenta tissue. PVDF membrane was probed with 2 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human
PD-L1/B7-H1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF156) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF017). A specific band was detected for PD-L1/B7-H1 at approximately 50-55 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Immunohistochemistry
PD-L1/B7-H1 in Human Colon and Colon Cancer Tissue.
PD-L1/B7-H1 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of normal human colon (left panel) and human colon cancer tissue (right panel) using Goat Anti-Human PD-L1/B7-H1 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF156) at 5 µg/mL overnight at 4 °C. Tissue was stained using the Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit (brown; Catalog # CTS008) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to cell membranes and cytoplasm. View our protocol for Chromogenic IHC Staining of Paraffin-embedded Tissue Sections.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: PD-L1/B7-H1

Human B7 homolog 1 (B7-H1), also called programmed cell death 1 ligand 1 (PDCD1L1) and programmed death ligand 1 (PDL1), is a member of the growing B7 family of immune proteins that provide signals for both stimulating and inhibiting T cell activation. Other family members include B7-1, B7-2, B7-H2, PDL2 and B7-H3. B7 proteins are members of the immunoglobulin (Ig) superfamily, their extracellular domains contain 2 Ig-like domains and all members have short cytoplasmic domains. Among the family members, they share about 20-25% amino acid identity. Human and mouse B7-H1 share approximately 70% amino acid sequence identity. B7-H1 has been identified as one of two ligands for programmed death-1 (PD-1), a member of the CD28 family of immunoreceptors. The B7-H1 gene encodes a 290 amino acid (aa) type I membrane precursor protein with a putative 18 aa signal peptide, a 221 aa extracellular domain, a 21 aa transmembrane region, and a 31 aa cytoplasmic domain. Human B7-H1 is constitutively expressed in several organs such as heart, skeletal muscle, placenta and lung, and in lower amounts in thymus, spleen, kidney and liver. B7-H1 expression is upregulated in a small fraction of activated T and B cells and a much larger fraction of activated monocytes. B7-H1 expression is also induced in dendritic cells and keratinocytes after IFN-gamma stimulation. Interaction of B7-H1 with PD-1 results in inhibition of TCR-mediated proliferation and cytokine production. The B7-H1:PD-1 pathway is involved in the negative regulation of some immune responses and may play an important role in the regulation of peripheral tolerance.

  • References:
    1. Nishimura, H. and T. Honjo (2001) Trends in Immunology 22:265.
    2. Freeman, G.J. et al. (2000) J. Exp. Med. 192:1027.
    3. Latchman, Y. et al. (2001) Nat. Immunol. 2:261.
  • Long Name:
    B7 Homolog 1
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    29126 (Human); 60533 (Mouse); 499342 (Rat); 484186 (Canine); 102145573 (Cynomolgus Monkey)
  • Alternate Names:
    B7-H; B7H1; B7-H1; B7H1PDCD1L1; CD274 antigenMGC142294; CD274 molecule; CD274; PDCD1L1; PDCD1LG1; PDCD1LG1MGC142296; PDL1; PD-L1; PD-L1B7 homolog 1; PDL1PDCD1 ligand 1; programmed cell death 1 ligand 1; Programmed death ligand 1
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

6 Citations: Showing 1 - 6
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Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Hepatitis C Virus Induces MDSCs-Like Monocytes through TLR2/PI3K/AKT/STAT3 Signaling
    Authors: N Zhai, H Li, H Song, Y Yang, A Cui, T Li, J Niu, IN Crispe, L Su, Z Tu
    PLoS ONE, 2017;12(1):e0170516.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  2. Blocking the PD-1/PD-L1 pathway in glioma: a potential new treatment strategy
    Authors: S Xue, M Hu, V Iyer, J Yu
    J Hematol Oncol, 2017;10(1):81.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Tissue Homogenates
    Application: WB
  3. Mesenchymal Stromal Cell Secretion of Programmed Death-1 Ligands Regulates T Cell Mediated Immunosuppression
    Stem Cells, 2016;0(0):.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: IP
  4. Soluble co-signaling molecules predict long-term graft outcome in kidney-transplanted patients.
    Authors: Melendreras S, Martinez-Camblor P, Menendez A, Bravo-Mendoza C, Gonzalez-Vidal A, Coto E, Diaz-Corte C, Ruiz-Ortega M, Lopez-Larrea C, Suarez-Alvarez B
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(12):e113396.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum
    Application: ELISA Development
  5. 12-O-tetradecanoyl phorbol 13-acetate induces the expression of B7-DC, -H1, -H2, and -H3 in K562 cells.
    Authors: Jang BC, Park YK, Choi IH, Kim SP, Hwang JB, Baek WK, Suh MH, Mun KC, Suh SI
    Int. J. Oncol., 2007;31(6):1439-47.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Flow
  6. Aberrant regulation of synovial T cell activation by soluble costimulatory molecules in rheumatoid arthritis.
    Authors: Wan B, Nie H, Liu A, Feng G, He D, Xu R, Zhang Q, Dong C, Zhang JZ
    J. Immunol., 2006;177(12):8844-50.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Serum
    Application: ELISA Development
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