IL‑17F in Mouse Th17 Cells.|
IL‑17F was detected in immersion fixed mouse T helper 17 (Th17) cells stimulated with PMA and calcium ionomycin using Goat Anti-Mouse IL‑17F Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2057) at 15 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL001) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.
The Interleukin 17 (IL-17) family proteins, comprised of six members (IL-17 and IL-17B through IL-17F), are secreted, structurally related proteins that share a conserved cysteine-knot fold near the C-terminus, but have considerable sequence divergence at the N-terminus. With the exception of IL-17B, which exists as a non-covalently linked dimer, all IL-17 family members are disulfide-linked dimers. IL-17 family proteins are pro-inflammatory cytokines that induce local cytokine production and are involved in the regulation of immune functions (1, 2).
Mouse IL-17F cDNA encodes a 153 amino acid (aa) protein with a putative 20 aa signal peptide. Among IL-17 family members, IL-17F is most closely related to IL-17 sharing approximately 46% aa sequence identity. Mouse and human IL-17F share 55% sequence identity. IL-17F is expressed in activated CD4+ T cells and activated monocytes. Two receptors (IL-17 R, and IL-17B R), which are activated by IL-17 family members have been identified. In addition, at least three additional type I transmembrane receptors with homology to IL-17 R, including IL-17 RL (IL-17 RC), IL-17 RD, and IL-17 RE, have also been reported (1, 2, 5). The functions for
IL‑17 RC, D, and E are not known. Purified IL-17 R and IL-17B R do not bind IL-17F with high-affinity in vitro. However, binding of IL-17F is detected in cells transfected with IL-17 R, raising the possibility that a co-receptor may be required for IL-17F signaling through IL-17 R (4). The biological activities mediated by IL-17F are similar to those of IL-17. IL-17F stimulates production of IL-6, IL-8, G-CSF, and regulates cartilage matrix turnover by increasing matrix release and inhibiting new matrix synthesis (4). IL-17F also inhibits angiogenesis and induces production of IL-2, TGF-beta, and monocyte chemoattractant protein-1 in endothelial cells (3).
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