Detects bovine IFN-gamma in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In Western blots, approximately 60% cross-reactivity with recombinant canine IFN‑ gamma and recombinant equine IFN-gamma is observed, 40% cross-reactivity with recombinant feline IFN-gamma is observed, 10% cross-reactivity with recombinant porcine IFN-gamma is observed and less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant human IFN-gamma, recombinant mouse IFN-gamma, recombinant rat IFN-gamma, and recombinant cotton rat IFN-gamma is observed.
Polyclonal Goat IgG
E. coli-derived recombinant bovine IFN-gamma Gln24-Thr166 Accession # NP_776511
Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
IFN‑ gamma in Bovine PBMCs. IFN‑ gamma was detected in immersion fixed bovine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) treated with Calcium Ionomycin and PMA using Goat Anti-Bovine IFN‑ gamma Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF2300) at 15 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL001) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.
Preparation and Storage
Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
Stability & Storage
Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma ), also known as type II or immune interferon, exerts a wide range of immunoregulatory activities and is considered to be the prototype proinflammatory cytokine (1, 2). Mature bovine IFN-gamma exists as a noncovalently linked homodimer of 20‑25 kDa variably glycosylated subunits (3). It shares 78%‑80% amino acid (aa) sequence identity with canine, feline, equine, and porcine IFN-gamma and 42%‑59% with cotton rat, human, mouse, rat, and rhesus IFN-gamma. IFN-gamma dimers bind to IFN-gamma RI (alpha subunits) which then interact with IFN-gamma RII (beta subunits) to form the functional receptor complex of two alpha and two beta subunits. Inclusion of IFN-gamma RII increases the binding affinity for ligand and the efficiency of signal transduction (4, 5). IFN-gamma is produced by a variety of immune cells under inflammatory conditions, notably by T cells and NK cells (6). It plays a key role in host defense by promoting the development and activation of Th1 cells, chemoattraction and activation of monocytes and macrophages, upregulation of antigen presentation molecules, and immunoglobulin class switching in B cells. It also exhibits antiviral, antiproliferative, and apoptotic effects (6, 7). In addition, IFN-gamma functions as an anti-inflammatory mediator by promoting the development of regulatory T cells and inhibiting Th17 cell differentiation (8, 9). The pleiotropic effects of IFN-gamma contribute to the development of multiple aspects of atherosclerosis (7).
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