Detection of Human and Mouse|
IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of THP‑1 human acute monocytic leukemia cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with PMA and LPS and RAW 264.7 mouse monocyte/macrophage cell line untreated (-) or treated (+) with LPS. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-201-NA) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF017). A specific band was detected for IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 at approximately 35 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 and Neutralization by Human IL‑1 beta /|
IL‑1F2 Antibody. Recombinant Human IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 (Catalog # 201‑LB) stimulates proliferation in the the D10.G4.1 mouse helper T cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Human IL‑1 beta /
IL‑1F2 (50 pg/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Human IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog #
AB‑201‑NA). The ND50 is typically 0.05‑0.1 µg/mL in the presence of concanavalin A (1.25 µg/mL).
|IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 in Human Peripheral Blood Mononuclear Cells. IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 was detected in immersion fixed human peripheral blood mononuclear cells using Goat Anti-Human IL‑1 beta /IL‑1F2 Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AB-201-NA) at 15 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL001) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasmic. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.|
IL-1 is a name that designates two pleiotropic cytokines, IL-1 alpha (IL-1F1) and IL-1 beta (IL-1F2), which are the products of distinct genes. IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are structurally related polypeptides that share approximately 21% amino acid (aa) identity in human. Both proteins are produced by a wide variety of cells in response to inflammatory agents, infections, or microbial endotoxins. While IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta are regulated independently, they bind to the same receptor and exert identical biological effects. IL-1 RI binds directly to IL-1 alpha or IL-1 beta and then associates with IL-1 R accessory protein (IL-1 R3/IL-1 R AcP) to form a high-affinity receptor complex that is competent for signal transduction. IL-1 RII has high affinity for IL-1 beta but functions as a decoy receptor and negative regulator of IL-1 beta activity. IL-1ra functions as a competitive antagonist by preventing IL-1 alpha and IL-1 beta from interacting with IL-1 RI (1-4). The human IL-1 beta cDNA encodes a 269 aa precursor. A 116 aa propeptide is cleaved intracellularly by the cysteine protease IL-1 beta -converting enzyme (Caspase-1/ICE) to generate the active cytokine (5-7). The 17 kDa mature human IL-1 beta shares 96% aa sequence identity with rhesus and 67-78% with canine, cotton rat, equine, feline, mouse, porcine, and rat IL-1 beta.
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