Proteome Profiler Rat Cytokine Array Kit, Panel A
Proteome Profiler Rat Cytokine Array Kit, Panel A Summary
A membrane-based antibody array for the parallel determination of the relative levels of selected rat cytokines and chemokines. Validated for analyte detection in cell culture supernates, cell lysates, tissue lysates, serum, and plasma.Troubleshooting Guide
- Detects 29 rat cytokines and chemokines simultaneously
- Requires no specialized equipment
- Compatible with LI-COR and chemiluminescence detection
Principle of the Assay
The Proteome Profiler Rat Cytokine Array Kit, Panel A is a membrane-based sandwich immunoassay. Samples are mixed with a cocktail of biotinylated detection antibodies (Step 1) and then incubated with the array membrane which is spotted in duplicate with capture antibodies to specific target proteins (Step 2). Captured proteins are visualized using chemiluminescent detection reagents (Step 3). The signal produced is proportional to the amount of analyte bound.
Why Use an Antibody Array to Detect Multiple Cytokines?
Determining the expression of multiple cytokines in a single sample can be expensive, time consuming and can require specialized equipment. Performing multiple immunoprecipitations and Western blots requires time, labor, and reagents. The use of a multiplex antibody array to detect multiple cytokines in a single sample can be cost-effective and also save time and sample.
- Rectangular 4-Well Multi-dish
- 4 Rat Cytokine Array, Panel A nitrocellulose membranes spotted with 29 different antibodies to rat cytokines and chemokines
- Array Buffer 4
- Array Buffer 6
- Chemi Reagent 1
- Chemi Reagent 2
- Detection Antibody Cocktail, Rat Cytokine Array, Panel A
- Transparency Overlay Template
- Wash Buffer Concentrate (25X)
For a complete list of the kit contents and necessary materials, please see the Materials Provided/Other Supplies Required sections of the product datasheet.
Stability and Storage
Store the unopened kit at 2 °C to 8 °C. Do not use past kit expiration date.
|Simultaneously detect the levels of these cytokines, chemokines, and acute phase proteins in a single sample.|
Assays for Analytes represented in the Rat Cytokine Array Kit, Panel A
|Analyte||Quantikine® ELISA Kits||DuoSet® ELISA Development Systems|
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Figure 1. The Rat Cytokine Array detects multiple analytes in cell culture supernates. NR8383 rat alveolar macrophage cells were either untreated or treated as below. Data shown are from a two minute exposure to X-ray film. A, untreated. B, Treated with 100 ng/mL LPS for 24 hours. C, Pre-treated with 100 nM Dexamethasone for 72 hours followed by treatment with 100 ng/mL LPS for 24 hours.
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Figure 2. The Rat Cytokine Array detects multiple analytes in tissue lysates and serum. A-B, A rat was injected with 0.1 mg/kg LPS. After 24 hours, tissues were excised and prepared as described in the Sample Collection and Storage section. 400 µg of lysate was run on each array. Data shown are from a 7 minute exposure to X-ray film. C-E, Tissues were excised from untreated rats and prepared as described in the Sample Collection and Storage section. 400 µg of lysate was run on each array. Data shown are from a 7 minute exposure to X-ray film. F, Serum samples from 15 week old male rats were prepared as described in the Sample Collection and Storage section. 100 µL of serum was run on the array. Data shown are from a 5 minute exposure to X-ray film.
Preparation and Storage
Citations for Proteome Profiler Rat Cytokine Array Kit, Panel A
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Citations: Showing 1 - 10
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CGRP Induces Differential Regulation of Cytokines from Satellite Glial Cells in Trigeminal Ganglia and Orofacial Nociception
Authors: S Afroz, R Arakaki, T Iwasa, M Oshima, M Hosoki, M Inoue, O Baba, Y Okayama, Y Matsuka
Int J Mol Sci, 2019;20(3):. 2019
Localized Intrathecal Delivery of Mesenchymal Stromal Cells Conditioned Medium Improves Functional Recovery in a Rat Model of Spinal Cord Injury
Authors: D Cizkova, V Cubinkova, T Smolek, AN Murgoci, J Danko, K Vdoviakova, F Humenik, M Cizek, J Quanico, I Fournier, M Salzet
Int J Mol Sci, 2018;19(3):. 2018
Cytokine evaluation in untreated and radioimmunotherapy-treated tumors in an immunocompetent rat model
Authors: E Elgström, TG Ohlsson, SE Eriksson
Tumour Biol., 2017;39(4):1010428317697. 2017
Acute Mobilization and Migration of Bone Marrow-derived Stem Cells following Anterior Cruciate Ligament Rupture
Authors: T Maerz, M Fleischer, MD Newton, A Davidson, M Salisbury, P Altman, MD Kurdziel, K Anderson, A Bedi, KC Baker
Osteoarthr. Cartil, 2017;0(0):. 2017
Activation of NLRP3 inflammasome complex potentiates venous thrombosis in response to hypoxia
Authors: N Gupta, A Sahu, A Prabhakar, T Chatterjee, T Tyagi, B Kumari, N Khan, V Nair, N Bajaj, M Sharma, MZ Ashraf
Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. U.S.A., 2017;0(0):. 2017
Implication of Free Fatty Acids in Thrombin Generation and Fibrinolysis in Vascular Inflammation in Zucker Rats and Evolution with Aging
Authors: J Lagrange, M Didelot, A Mohamadi, LA Walton, S Bloemen, B de Laat, H Louis, SN Thornton, B Derby, MJ Sherratt, B Fève, P Challande, R Akhtar, JK Cruickshan, P Lacolley, V Regnault
Front Physiol, 2017;8(0):949. 2017
Aged blood factors decrease cellular responses associated with delayed gingival wound repair
Authors: MP Saldías, C Fernández, A Morgan, C Díaz, D Morales, F Jaña, A Gómez, A Silva, F Briceño, A Oyarzún, F Maldonado, O Cerda, PC Smith, M Cáceres
PLoS ONE, 2017;12(9):e0184189. 2017
Adaptor protein-3: A key player in RBL-2H3 mast cell mediator release
Authors: EZ da Silva, EG Freitas-Fi, DA de Souza-J, LL daSilva, MC Jamur, C Oliver
PLoS ONE, 2017;12(3):e0173462. 2017
Immune tuning scaffold for the local induction of a pro-regenerative environment
Authors: B Corradetti, F Taraballi, C Corbo, F Cabrera, L Pandolfi, S Minardi, X Wang, J Van Eps, G Bauza, B Weiner, E Tasciotti
Sci Rep, 2017;7(1):17030. 2017
Neurotoxic reactive astrocytes are induced by activated microglia
Authors: SA Liddelow, KA Guttenplan, LE Clarke, FC Bennett, CJ Bohlen, L Schirmer, ML Bennett, AE Mnch, WS Chung, TC Peterson, DK Wilton, A Frouin, BA Napier, N Panicker, M Kumar, MS Buckwalter, DH Rowitch, VL Dawson, TM Dawson, B Stevens, BA Barres
Nature, 2017;541(7638):481-487. 2017
Aberrant cytokine secretion and zinc uptake in chronic cadmium-exposed lung epithelial cells
Authors: Andy T Y Lau
Proteomics Clin Appl, 2016;0(0):. 2016
Ocular Delivery of PACAP1-27 Protects the Retina From Ischemic Damage in Rodents
Invest. Ophthalmol. Vis. Sci, 2016;57(15):6683-6691. 2016
Nanoparticles Effectively Target Rapamycin Delivery to Sites of Experimental Aortic Aneurysm in Rats
Authors: Takuro Shirasu
PLoS ONE, 2016;11(6):e0157813. 2016
Myelin phagocytosis by astrocytes after myelin damage promotes lesion pathology
Authors: Gerald Ponath
Brain, 2016;0(0):. 2016
Robot-assisted mechanical therapy attenuates stroke-induced limb skeletal muscle injury
Authors: Chandan K Sen
FASEB J, 2016;0(0):. 2016
Tumor necrosis factor-Alpha stimulates cytokine expression and transient sensitization of trigeminal nociceptive neurons
Authors: Paul L Durham
Arch. Oral Biol., 2016;0(0):. 2016
FT011, a Novel Cardiorenal Protective Drug, Reduces Inflammation, Gliosis and Vascular Injury in Rats with Diabetic Retinopathy.
Authors: Deliyanti D, Zhang Y, Khong F, Berka D, Stapleton D, Kelly D, Wilkinson-Berka J
PLoS ONE, 2015;10(7):e0134392. 2015
Novel mechanisms of sildenafil in pulmonary hypertension involving cytokines/chemokines, MAP kinases and Akt.
Authors: Kiss T, Kovacs K, Komocsi A, Tornyos A, Zalan P, Sumegi B, Gallyas F, Kovacs K
PLoS ONE, 2014;9(8):e104890. 2014
Mesenchymal stem cells from rats with chronic kidney disease exhibit premature senescence and loss of regenerative potential.
Authors: Klinkhammer B, Kramann R, Mallau M, Makowska A, van Roeyen C, Rong S, Buecher E, Boor P, Kovacova K, Zok S, Denecke B, Stuettgen E, Otten S, Floege J, Kunter U
PLoS ONE, 2014;9(3):e92115. 2014
Improving membrane based multiplex immunoassays for semi-quantitative detection of multiple cytokines in a single sample.
Authors: Altara, Raffaele, Manca, Marco, Hessel, Marleen, Janssen, Ben J, Struijker-Boudier, Harry H, Hermans, Rob J J, Blankesteijn, W Matthi
BMC Biotechnol, 2014;14(0):63. 2014
Human embryonic mesenchymal stem cell-derived conditioned medium rescues kidney function in rats with established chronic kidney disease.
Authors: van Koppen A, Joles JA, van Balkom BW, Lim SK, de Kleijn D, Giles RH, Verhaar MC
PLoS ONE, 2012;7(6):e38746. 2012
A RHAMM mimetic peptide blocks hyaluronan signaling and reduces inflammation and fibrogenesis in excisional skin wounds.
Authors: Tolg C, Hamilton S, Zalinska E, McCulloch L, Amin R, Akentieva N, Winnik F, Savani R, Bagli D, Luyt L, Cowman M, McCarthy J, Turley E
Am J Pathol, 2012;181(4):1250-70. 2012
A postweaning iron-adequate diet following neonatal iron deficiency affects iron homeostasis and growth in young rats.
Authors: Hegde NV, Jensen GL, Unger EL
J. Nutr., 2011;141(3):386-90. 2011
Treatment of experimental adjuvant arthritis with a novel folate receptor-targeted folic acid-aminopterin conjugate.
Authors: Lu Y, Stinnette TW, Westrick E, Klein PJ, Gehrke MA, Cross VA, Vlahov IR, Low PS, Leamon CP
Arthritis Res. Ther., 2011;13(2):R56. 2011
Xanthine oxidoreductase promotes the inflammatory state of mononuclear phagocytes through effects on chemokine expression, peroxisome proliferator-activated receptor-gamma sumoylation, and HIF-1alpha.
Authors: Gibbings S, Elkins ND, Fitzgerald H, Tiao J, Weyman ME, Shibao G, Fini MA, Wright RM
J. Biol. Chem., 2011;286(2):961-75. 2011
Construction and characterization of a novel DNA vaccine that is potent antigen-specific tolerizing therapy for experimental arthritis by increasing CD4+CD25+Treg cells and inducing Th1 to Th2 shift in both cells and cytokines.
Authors: Song X, Liang F, Liu N, Luo Y, Xue H, Yuan F, Tan L, Sun Y, Xi C, Xi Y
Vaccine, 2009;27(5):690-700. 2009
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Reviews for Proteome Profiler Rat Cytokine Array Kit, Panel A
Average Rating: 5 (Based on 4 Reviews)
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This array kit is a very nice tool to screen potential cytokines in spent media of cell culture.
This kit is an excellent tool in screening potential cytokines and chemokines. However, it would be nice if more targets can be included for this Rat cytokine panel (since the mouse and human panel has XL format).