Human IL-18 BPa Antibody Summary
Accession # O95998
This antibody functions as an ELISA detection antibody when paired with Rabbit Anti-Human IL‑18/IL‑1F4 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB91244).
This product is intended for assay development on various assay platforms requiring antibody pairs. We recommend the Human IL-18/IL-18 BPa Complex DuoSet ELISA Kit (Catalog # DY8936-05) for convenient development of a sandwich ELISA or the Human IL-18 BPa Quantikine ELISA Kit (Catalog # DBP180) for a complete optimized ELISA.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Detection of Human IL‑18 BPa by Western Blot. Western blot shows conditioned media from HUVEC human umbilical vein endothelial cells untreated (-) or treated (+) with 50 ng/mL Recombinant Human IFN-gamma (Catalog # 285-IF) and 40 ng/mL Recombinant Human TNF-alpha (Catalog # 210-TA) for 48 hours. PVDF membrane was probed with 0.5 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Human IL-18 BPa Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF119) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF109). A specific band was detected for IL-18 BPa at approximately 50 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
IL‑18 BPa Inhibition of IL‑18/ IL‑1F4-induced IFN‑ gamma Secretion and Neutralization by Human IL‑18 BPa Antibody. Recombinant Human IL-18 BPa Fc Chimera (Catalog # 119-BP) inhibits Recombinant Human IL-18/IL-1F4 induced IFN-gamma secretion in the KG-1 human acute myelogenous leukemia cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line), as measured by the Human IFN-gamma Quantikine ELISA Kit (Catalog # DIF50C). Inhibition of Recombinant Human IL-18/IL-1F4 (40 ng/mL) activity elicited by Recombinant Human IL-18 BPa Fc Chimera (0.1 µg/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Human IL-18 BPa Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF119). The ND50 is typically 1-5 µg/mL in the presence of Recombinant Human TNF-alpha (20 ng/mL).
Human IL‑18/IL-18 BPa Complex ELISA Standard Curve. Recombinant Human IL-18/IL-18 BPa complex protein was serially diluted 2-fold and captured by Rabbit Anti-Human IL-18/IL-1F4 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB91244) coated on a Clear Polystyrene Microplate (Catalog # DY990). Goat Anti-Human IL-18 BPa Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF119) was biotinylated and incubated with the protein captured on the plate. Detection of the standard curve was achieved by incubating Streptavidin-HRP (Catalog # DY998) followed by Substrate Solution (Catalog # DY999) and stopping the enzymatic reaction with Stop Solution (Catalog # DY994).
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: IL-18 BPa
Interleukin 18 binding protein (IL-18 BP) is a secreted glycoprotein, which functions as an IL-18 antagonist by binding to IL-18 and blocking its biological activity. IL‑18 BP bears no amino acid sequence homology to the membrane-associated IL-18 and IL-1 receptor proteins. The gene for human IL-18 BP has been localized to chromosome 11q13. It encodes for at least four isoforms by alternative splicing. The IL-18 BP isoforms a and c each contain one immunoglobulin (Ig)-like C2-type domain while isoforms b and d lack a complete Ig domain. The complete Ig domain has been shown to be essential to the binding and neutralizing properties of the binding proteins. Two isoforms of mouse IL18 BP (c and d) containing the complete Ig domain have also been isolated and shown to neutralize IL-18 bioactivity. Human and mouse IL-18 BPs share approximately 61% amino acid sequence identity. Several poxviruses also encode proteins with sequence similarity to the human and mouse IL-18 BP. Viral IL-18 BPs have been shown to bind and inhibit IL-18 responses and may be involved in modulating host immune responses. The expression of IL-18 BP is markedly up-regulated by IFN-gamma, suggesting that IL-18 activity is modulated by a negative feedback mechanism mediated by IL-18 BP.
- Mühl, H. et al. (2000) Biochem. Biophys. Res. Commun. 267:960.
- Kim, S-H. et al. (2000) Proc. Nat. Acad. Sci. USA 97:1190.
- Calderara, S. et al. (2001) Virology 279:22.
Citations for Human IL-18 BPa Antibody
R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.
Citations: Showing 1 - 2
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Differentiation of human SH-SY5Y neuroblastoma cells by all-trans retinoic acid activates the interleukin-18 system.
Authors: Sallmon H, Hoene V, Weber SC, Dame C
J. Interferon Cytokine Res., 2010;30(2):55-8.
Sample Types: Cell Lysates
Applications: Western Blot
Generation and characterization of mice transgenic for human IL-18-binding protein isoform a.
Authors: Fantuzzi G, Banda NK, Guthridge C, Vondracek A, Kim SH, Siegmund B, Azam T, Sennello JA, Dinarello CA, Arend WP
J. Leukoc. Biol., 2003;74(5):889-96.
Sample Types: Serum
Applications: ELISA Development
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MAB1192 was used as the capture and AF119 was used as the detection antibody for the sandwich ELISA for IL-18PB. The immunoassay standard was 119-BP. Assay had sensitivity of ~10pg/ml.