|CXCL10/IP-10 in Human PBMCs. CXCL10/IP-10 was detected in immersion fixed PHA-treated human peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) using 10 µg/mL Goat Anti-Human CXCL10/IP-10 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF-266-NA) for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained with the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL001) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.|
|CXCL10/IP‑10/CRG‑2 in Human Tonsil. CXCL10/IP‑10/CRG‑2 was detected in immersion fixed paraffin-embedded sections of human tonsil using Goat Anti-Human CXCL10/IP‑10/CRG‑2 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF-266-NA) at 1 µg/mL for 1 hour at room temperature followed by incubation with the Anti-Goat IgG VisUCyte™ HRP Polymer Antibody (Catalog # VC004). Tissue was stained using DAB (brown) and counterstained with hematoxylin (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for IHC Staining with VisUCyte HRP Polymer Detection Reagents.|
|Chemotaxis Induced by CXCL10/IP‑10 and Neutralization by Human CXCL10/IP‑10 Antibody. Recombinant Human CXCL10/IP‑10 (Catalog # 266-IP) chemoattracts the BaF3 mouse pro‑B cell line transfected with human CXCR3 in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). The amount of cells that migrated through to the lower chemotaxis chamber was measured by Resazurin (Catalog # AR002). Chemotaxis elicited by Recombinant Human CXCL10/IP‑10 (0.2 µg/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Goat Anti-Human CXCL10/IP‑10 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF-266-NA). The ND50 is typically 1-4 µg/mL.|
CXCL10 was originally identified as an IFN-gamma -inducible gene in monocytes, fibroblasts, and endothelial cells. It has since been shown that CXCL10 mRNA is also induced by LPS, IL-1 beta, TNF-alpha, IL-12, and viruses. Additional cell types that have been shown to express CXCL10 include activated T-lymphocytes, splenocytes, keratinocytes, osteoblasts, astrocytes, and smooth muscle cells. CXCL10 is also expressed in psoriatic and lepromatous lesions of skin. The mouse homologue of human CXCL10, CRG-2, has been cloned and shown to share approximately 67% amino acid sequence identity with human CXCL10. Human CXCL10 cDNA encodes a 98 amino acid (aa) residue precursor protein with a 21 aa residue signal peptide that is cleaved to form the 77 aa residue secreted protein. The amino acid sequence of CXCL10 identified the protein as a member of the chemokine alpha subfamily that lacks the ELR domain. CXCL10 has been shown to be a chemoattractant for activated T-lymphocytes. CXCL10 has been reported to be a potent inhibitor of angiogenesis and to display a potent thymus-dependent antitumor effect. A chemokine receptor specific for CXCL10 and MIG has been cloned and shown to be highly expressed in IL-2-activated T-lymphocytes.
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