Canine IL-6 Antibody Summary
Accession # P41323
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
IL‑6 in Canine PBMCs. IL-6 was detected in immersion fixed canine peripheral blood mononuclear cells (PBMCs) using Mouse Anti-Canine IL-6 Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB16091) at 25 µg/mL for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained using the NorthernLights™ 557-conjugated Anti-Mouse IgG Secondary Antibody (red; Catalog # NL007) and counterstained with DAPI (blue). Specific staining was localized to cytoplasm. View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.
Preparation and Storage
- 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
- 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
- 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic alpha -helical cytokine that plays important roles in acute phase reactions, inflammation, hematopoiesis, bone metabolism, and cancer progression. IL-6 activity is central to the transition from acute inflammation to either acquired immunity or chronic inflammatory disease. It is secreted by multiple cell types as a 22 kDa‑28 kDa phosphorylated and variably glycosylated molecule (1‑4). Mature canine IL-6 is 187 amino acids (aa) in length and shares 76%, 59%, 38%, and 40% aa sequence identity with feline, human, mouse, and rat IL-6, respectively (5). IL-6 induces signaling through a cell surface heterodimeric receptor complex composed of a ligand binding subunit (IL-6 R) and a signal transducing subunit (gp130). IL-6 binds to IL-6 R, triggering IL-6 R association with gp130 and gp130 dimerization (6). gp130 is also a component of the receptors for CLC, CNTF, CT-1, IL-11, IL-27, LIF, and OSM (7). Soluble forms of IL-6 R are generated by both alternate splicing and proteolytic cleavage (3). In a mechanism known as trans-signaling, complexes of soluble IL-6 and IL-6 R elicit responses from gp130‑expressing cells that lack cell surface IL-6 R (3). Trans-signaling enables a wider range of cell types to respond to IL-6, as the expression of gp130 is ubiquitous while that of IL-6 R is predominantly restricted to hepatocytes, leukocytes, and lymphocytes (3). Soluble splice forms of gp130 block trans-signaling from IL-6/IL-6 R but not from other cytokines that utilize gp130 as a co‑receptor (4, 8).
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- Jones, S.A. (2005) J. Immunol. 175:3468.
- Rose-John, S. et al. (2006) J. Leukoc. Biol. 80:227.
- Kukielka, G.L. et al. (1995) Circulation 92:1866.
- Murakami, M. et al. (1993) Science 260:1808.
- Muller-Newen, G. (2003) Sci. STKE 2003:PE40.
- Mitsuyama, K. et al. (2006) Clin. Exp. Immunol. 143:125.
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