Human IFN-gamma Antibody

(1 citations)
(1 Review)
  
  • Species Reactivity
    Human
  • Specificity
    Detects human IFN-gamma in direct ELISAs. In direct ELISAs, no cross-reactivity with recombinant mouse IFN-gamma, recombinant rat IFN-gamma, or recombinant porcine IFN-gamma is observed. Neutralizes the bioactivity of recombinant human IFN-gamma and will not neutralize the activity of rat or mouse IFN-gamma.
  • Source
    Monoclonal Mouse IgG2B Clone # 25723
  • Purification
    Protein A or G purified from hybridoma culture supernatant
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant human IFN-gamma
    Gln24-Gln166
    Accession # AAP20098.1
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • CyTOF-ready
    Ready to be labeled using established conjugation methods. No BSA or other carrier proteins that could interfere with conjugation.
  • Immunocytochemistry
    8-25 µg/mL
    Immersion fixed human peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with PMA and ionomycin 
  • Intracellular Staining by Flow Cytometry
    2.5 µg/106 cells
    Human peripheral blood mononuclear cells stimulated with PMA and ionomycin, then fixed with paraformaldehyde and permeabilized with saponin
  • Neutralization
    Measured by its ability to neutralize IFN‑ gamma inhibition of EMCV-induced cytopathy in the HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line. Meager, A. (1987) in Lymphokines and Interferons, a Practical Approach. Clemens, M. J. et al. (eds): IRL Press. 129. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.2-0.6 µg/mL in the presence of 5 ng/mL Recombinant Human IFN‑ gamma.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
IFN‑ gamma Inhibition of EMCV-induced Cytopathy and Neutralization by Human IFN‑ gamma Antibody. Recombinant Human IFN‑ gamma (Catalog # 285-IF) reduces the Encephalomyocarditis Virus (EMCV)-induced cytopathy in the HeLa human cervical epithelial carcinoma cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Inhibition of EMCV activity elicited by Recombinant Human IFN‑ gamma (5 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concen­trations of Mouse Anti-Human IFN‑ gamma Monoclonal Antibody (Catalog # MAB2851). The ND50 is typically 0.2‑0.6 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.5 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: IFN-gamma
Interferon-gamma (IFN-gamma ), also known as type II or immune interferon, exerts a wide range of immunoregulatory activities and is considered to be the prototype proinflammatory cytokine (1, 2). Mature human IFN-gamma exists as a non-covalently linked homodimer of 20-25 kDa variably glycosylated subunits (3). It shares 90% amino acid (aa) sequence identity with rhesus IFN-gamma, 59-64% with bovine, canine, equine, feline, and porcine IFN‑ gamma, and 37-43% with cotton rat, mouse, and rat IFN-gamma. IFN-gamma dimers bind to IFN-gamma RI (alpha subunits) which then interact with IFN-gamma RII (beta subunits) to form the functional receptor complex of two alpha and two beta  subunits. Inclusion of IFN-gamma RII increases the binding affinity for ligand and the efficiency of signal transduction (4, 5). IFN-gamma is produced by a variety of immune cells under inflammatory conditions, notably by T cells and NK cells (6). It plays a key role in host defense by promoting the development and activation of Th1 cells, chemoattraction and activation of monocytes and macrophages, upregulation of antigen presentation molecules, and immunoglobulin class switching in B cells. It also exhibits antiviral, antiproliferative, and apoptotic effects (6, 7). In addition, IFN-gamma functions as an anti-inflammatory mediator by promoting the development of regulatory T cells and inhibiting Th17 cell differentiation (8, 9). The pleiotropic effects of IFN-gamma contribute to the development of multiple aspects of atherosclerosis (7).
  • References:
    1. Billiau, A. and P. Matthys (2009) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 20:97.
    2. Pestka, S. et al. (2004) Immunol. Rev. 202:8.
    3. Gray, P.W. and D.V. Goeddel (1982) Nature 298:859.
    4. Marsters, S.A. et al. (1995) Proc. Natl. Acad. Sci. USA 92:5401.
    5. Krause, C.D. et al. (2000) J. Biol. Chem. 275:22995.
    6. Schroder, K. et al. (2004) J. Leukoc. Biol. 75:163.
    7. McLaren, J.E. and D.P. Ramji (2009) Cytokine Growth Factor Rev. 20:125.
    8. Muhl, H. and J. Pfeilschifter (2003) Int. Immunopharmacol. 3:1247.
    9. Kelchtermans, H. et al. (2008) Trends Immunol. 29:479.
  • Long Name:
    Interferon gamma
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    3458 (Human); 15978 (Mouse); 25712 (Rat); 396991 (Porcine); 281237 (Bovine); 403801 (Canine); 493965 (Feline)
  • Alternate Names:
    IFG; IFI; IFNG; IFNgamma; IFN-gamma; Immune interferon; interferon gamma; interferon, gamma
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

1 Citations: Showing 1 - 1

  1. Clinical improvement in chronic plaque-type psoriasis lesions after narrow-band UVB therapy is accompanied by a decrease in the expression of IFN-gamma inducers -- IL-12, IL-18 and IL-23.
    Authors: Piskin G, Tursen U, Sylva-Steenland RM, Bos JD, Teunissen MB
    Exp. Dermatol., 2004;13(12):764-72.
    Species: Human
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC Fresh/Frozen
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Average Rating: 5 (Based on 1 review)

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We have 1 review tested in 1 species: Human.
We have 1 review tested in 1 application: ELISA.

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 ELISA Human Anonymous 06/28/2017
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Summary

ApplicationELISA
Sample TestedCell Culture Supernates
SpeciesHuman

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