Rat IL-6 Antibody

(14 citations)   
  • Species Reactivity
    Rat
  • Specificity
    Detects rat and mouse IL-6 in direct ELISAs and Western blots. In direct ELISAs, approximately 10% cross-reactivity with recombinant cotton rat IL‑6 is observed, and less than 1% cross-reactivity with recombinant human IL-6 is observed.
  • Source
    Polyclonal Goat IgG
  • Purification
    Antigen Affinity-purified
  • Immunogen
    E. coli-derived recombinant rat IL-6
    Phe25-Thr211
    Accession # P20607
  • Formulation
    Lyophilized from a 0.2 μm filtered solution in PBS with Trehalose. *Small pack size (SP) is supplied as a 0.2 µm filtered solution in PBS.
  • Endotoxin Level
    <0.10 EU per 1 μg of the antibody by the LAL method.
  • Label
    Unconjugated
Applications
  •  
    Recommended
    Concentration
    Sample
  • Western Blot
    1 µg/mL
    See below
  • Immunocytochemistry
    5-15 µg/mL
    See below
  • Neutralization
    Measured by its ability to neutralize IL‑6-induced proliferation in the T1165.85.2.1 mouse plasmacytoma cell line. Nordan, R.P. and M. Potter (1986) Science 233:566. The Neutralization Dose (ND50) is typically 0.1-0.5 µg/mL in the presence of 0.6 ng/mL Recombinant Rat IL‑6.
Please Note: Optimal dilutions should be determined by each laboratory for each application. General Protocols are available in the Technical Information section on our website.
Data Examples
Detection of Rat IL‑6 by Western Blot. Western blot shows lysates of NR8383 rat alveolar macrophage cell line  untreated (-) or treated (+) with LPS. PVDF membrane was probed with 1 µg/mL of Goat Anti-Rat
IL‑6 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF506) followed by HRP-conjugated Anti-Goat IgG Secondary Antibody (Catalog # HAF017). A specific band was detected for IL‑6 at approximately 22 kDa (as indicated). This experiment was conducted under reducing conditions and using Immunoblot Buffer Group 1.
Immunocytochemistry
IL‑6 in Mouse T Cells. IL‑6 was detected in immersion fixed activated mouse T Cells using 15 µg/mL Rat IL‑6 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF506) for 3 hours at room temperature. Cells were stained (red) and counterstained (green). View our protocol for Fluorescent ICC Staining of Non-adherent Cells.
Cell Proliferation Induced by IL‑6 and Neutralization by Rat IL‑6 Antibody. Recombinant Rat IL‑6 (Catalog # 506-RL) stimulates proliferation in the T1165.85.2.1 mouse plasmacytoma cell line in a dose-dependent manner (orange line). Proliferation elicited by Recombinant Rat
IL‑6 (0.6 ng/mL) is neutralized (green line) by increasing concentrations of Rat IL‑6 Antigen Affinity-purified Polyclonal Antibody (Catalog # AF506). The ND50 is typically 0.1-0.5 µg/mL.
Preparation and Storage
  • Reconstitution
    Reconstitute at 0.2 mg/mL in sterile PBS.
  • Shipping
    The product is shipped at ambient temperature. Upon receipt, store it immediately at the temperature recommended below. *Small pack size (SP) is shipped with polar packs. Upon receipt, store it immediately at -20 to -70 °C
  • Stability & Storage
    Use a manual defrost freezer and avoid repeated freeze-thaw cycles.
    • 12 months from date of receipt, -20 to -70 °C as supplied.
    • 1 month, 2 to 8 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
    • 6 months, -20 to -70 °C under sterile conditions after reconstitution.
Background: IL-6

Interleukin 6 (IL-6) is a pleiotropic alpha -helical cytokine that plays important roles in acute phase reactions, inflammation, hematopoiesis, bone metabolism, and cancer progression. IL-6 activity is central to the transition from acute inflammation to either acquired immunity or chronic inflammatory disease. It is secreted by multiple cell types as a 22-28 kDa phosphorylated and variably glycosylated molecule (1-4). Mature rat IL-6 is 187 amino acids (aa) in length and shares 41% and 85% aa sequence identity with human and mouse IL-6, respectively (5). IL-6 induces signaling through a cell surface heterodimeric receptor complex composed of a ligand binding subunit (IL-6 R) and a signal transducing subunit (gp130). IL-6 binds to IL-6 R, triggering IL-6 R association with gp130 and gp130 dimerization (6). gp130 is also a component of the receptors for CLC, CNTF, CT-1, IL-11, IL-27, LIF, and OSM (7). Soluble forms of IL-6 R are generated by both alternate splicing and proteolytic cleavage (3). In a mechanism known as trans-signaling, complexes of soluble IL-6 and IL-6 R elicit responses from gp130-expressing cells that lack cell surface
IL‑6 R (3). Trans-signaling enables a wider range of cell types to respond to IL-6, as the expression of gp130 is ubiquitous while that of IL-6 R is predominantly restricted to hepatocytes, leukocytes, and lymphocytes (3). Soluble splice forms of gp130 block trans-signaling from IL-6/IL-6 R but not from other cytokines that utilize gp130 as a coreceptor (4, 8).

  • References:
    1. Van Snick, J. (1990) Annu. Rev. Immunol. 8:253.
    2. Hodge, D.R. et al. (2005) Eur. J. Cancer 41:2502.
    3. Jones, S.A. (2005) J. Immunol. 175:3468.
    4. Rose-John, S. et al. (2006) J. Leukoc. Biol. 80:227.
    5. Northemann, W. et al. (1989) J. Biol. Chem. 264:16072.
    6. Murakami, M. et al. (1993) Science 260:1808.
    7. Muller-Newen, G. (2003) Sci. STKE 2003:PE40.
    8. Mitsuyama, K. et al. (2006) Clin. Exp. Immunol. 143:125.
  • Long Name:
    Interleukin 6
  • Entrez Gene IDs:
    3569 (Human); 16193 (Mouse); 24498 (Rat); 399500 (Porcine); 280826 (Bovine); 403985 (Canine); 100034196 (Equine); 493687 (Feline); 100008733 (Rabbit)
  • Alternate Names:
    B cell stimulatory factor-2; B-cell differentiation factor; BSF-2; BSF2CTL differentiation factor; CDF; HGFHSFIFNB2Hybridoma growth factor; IFN-beta-2; IL6; IL-6; IL-6B-cell stimulatory factor 2; Interferon beta-2; interleukin 6 (interferon, beta 2); interleukin BSF-2; interleukin-6; MGI-2A
Related Research Areas
Citations:

R&D Systems personnel manually curate a database that contains references using R&D Systems products. The data collected includes not only links to publications in PubMed, but also provides information about sample types, species, and experimental conditions.

14 Citations: Showing 1 - 10
Filter your results:

Species
Applications
Sample Type
  1. Mu-opioid receptor and delta-opioid receptor differentially regulate microglial inflammatory response to control proopiomelanocortin neuronal apoptosis in the hypothalamus: effects of neonatal alcohol
    Authors: P Shrivastav, MA Cabrera, LG Chastain, NI Boyadjieva, S Jabbar, T Franklin, DK Sarkar
    J Neuroinflammation, 2017;14(1):83.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Neut
  2. Sublytic C5b-9 induces IL-6 and TGF-beta1 production by glomerular mesangial cells in rat Thy-1 nephritis through p300-mediated C/EBPbeta acetylation.
    Authors: Zhang J, Li Y, Shan K, Wang L, Qiu W, Lu Y, Zhao D, Zhu G, He F, Wang Y
    FASEB J, 2014;28(3):1511-25.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Bioassay
  3. Electrical stimulation induces IL-6 in skeletal muscle through extracellular ATP by activating Ca(2+) signals and an IL-6 autocrine loop.
    Authors: Bustamante M, Fernandez-Verdejo R, Jaimovich E, Buvinic S
    Am J Physiol Endocrinol Metab, 2014;306(8):E869-82.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Neut
  4. Microglia enhance neurogenesis and oligodendrogenesis in the early postnatal subventricular zone.
    Authors: Shigemoto-Mogami Y, Hoshikawa K, Goldman J, Sekino Y, Sato K
    J Neurosci, 2014;34(6):2231-43.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Neut
  5. Mechanisms involved in dual vasopressin/apelin neuron dysfunction during aging.
    Authors: Sauvant J, Delpech J, Palin K, De Mota N, Dudit J, Aubert A, Orcel H, Roux P, Laye S, Moos F, Llorens-Cortes C, Nadjar A
    PLoS ONE, 2014;9(2):e87421.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: In Vivo
    Application: Neut
  6. Serum-starved adipose-derived stromal cells ameliorate crescentic GN by promoting immunoregulatory macrophages.
    Authors: Furuhashi, Kazuhiro, Tsuboi, Naotake, Shimizu, Asuka, Katsuno, Takayuki, Kim, Hangsoo, Saka, Yosuke, Ozaki, Takenori, Sado, Yoshikaz, Imai, Enyu, Matsuo, Seiichi, Maruyama, Shoichi
    J Am Soc Nephrol, 2013;24(4):587-603.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Neut
  7. Fetal asphyctic preconditioning modulates the acute cytokine response thereby protecting against perinatal asphyxia in neonatal rats.
    Authors: Vlassaks E, Strackx E, Vles J, Nikiforou M, Martinez-Martinez P, Kramer B, Gavilanes A
    J Neuroinflammation, 2013;10(0):14.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: Whole Tissue
    Application: IHC Frozen
  8. Astrocyte-derived interleukin-6 promotes specific neuronal differentiation of neural progenitor cells from adult hippocampus.
    Authors: Oh J, McCloskey MA, Blong CC
    J. Neurosci. Res., 2010;88(13):2798-809.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Neut
  9. Bradykinin and nerve growth factor play pivotal roles in muscular mechanical hyperalgesia after exercise (delayed-onset muscle soreness).
    Authors: Murase S, Terazawa E, Queme F, Ota H, Matsuda T, Hirate K, Kozaki Y, Katanosaka K, Taguchi T, Urai H, Mizumura K
    J. Neurosci., 2010;30(10):3752-61.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: In Vivo
    Application: In vivo
  10. JAK/STAT3 pathway is activated in spinal cord microglia after peripheral nerve injury and contributes to neuropathic pain development in rat.
    Authors: Dominguez E, Rivat C, Pommier B, Mauborgne A, Pohl M
    J. Neurochem., 2008;107(1):50-60.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: In Vivo
    Application: In vivo
  11. Trauma and hemorrhage-induced acute hepatic insulin resistance: dominant role of tumor necrosis factor-alpha.
    Authors: Xu J, Kim HT, Ma Y, Zhao L, Zhai L, Kokorina N, Wang P, Messina JL
    Endocrinology, 2008;149(5):2369-82.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: In Vivo
    Application: In vivo
  12. Microglia-derived interleukin-6 and leukaemia inhibitory factor promote astrocytic differentiation of neural stem/progenitor cells.
    Authors: Nakanishi M, Niidome T, Matsuda S, Akaike A, Kihara T, Sugimoto H
    Eur. J. Neurosci., 2007;25(3):649-58.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: Cell Culture Supernates
    Application: Immunodepletion
  13. Mechanism of IL-6-mediated cardiac dysfunction following trauma-hemorrhage.
    Authors: Yang S, Hu S, Hsieh YC, Choudhry MA, Rue LW, Bland KI, Chaudry IH
    J. Mol. Cell. Cardiol., 2006;40(4):570-9.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type:
    Application: Neut
  14. Identification of astrocyte-expressed factors that modulate neural stem/progenitor cell differentiation.
    Authors: Barkho BZ, Song H, Aimone JB
    Stem Cells Dev., 2006;15(3):407-21.
    Species: Rat
    Sample Type: Whole Cells
    Application: Neut
Expand to show all 14 Citations
Cell and Tissue Staining Kits
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Anti-Goat HRP-DAB Cell & Tissue Staining Kit

CTS008 13
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....
Isotype Controls
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Normal Goat IgG Control

Ctrl AB-108-C 191  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....
Secondary Antibodies
Description Application Cat# Citations Images  

Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB, Simple Western HAF109 19  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG HRP-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF017 15  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG (H+L) PE-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0107 4  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL557-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL001 9
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL493-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL003 5
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG (H+L) APC-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0108 6  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG Horseradish Peroxidase-conjugated Antibody

WB HAF019 6  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Antibody

WB AF109 6
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF109 3
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG VisUCyte HRP Polymer

IHC VC004  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Goat IgG (H+L) Fluorescein-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0109 2  
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG NorthernLights™ NL637-conjugated Antibody

Flow, IHC, ICC NL002
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) Affinity Purified PAb, X Absorbed

WB, ELISA R-401-C-ABS
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Chicken Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF019
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Rabbit Anti-Goat IgG Biotinylated Antibody

WB BAF017
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Donkey Anti-Goat IgG (H+L) PerCP-conjugated Antibody

Flow F0124
View Sizes & Prices
Catalog# Size Price Stock Quantity
Loading Information....

Have you used Rat IL-6 Antibody?

Submit a review and receive a $25US/€18/£15/$25CAN amazon gift card if you include an image - $10US/€7/£6/$10CAN Amazon card for reviews without an image. Limited to verified customers in USA, Canada and Europe.

Order Details

Contact Information

Calculators

Reconstitution Calculator

The reconstitution calculator allows you to quickly calculate the volume of a reagent to reconstitute your vial. Simply enter the mass of reagent and the target concentration and the calculator will determine the rest.

=
÷
R&D Systems Guarantee

Monoclonal
Antibody
Panels For
Screening

Learn More
Monoclonal Antibodies

Feedback

Customer Information